About Brain Injury

What is Brain Injury?

Your brain controls your ability to think, talk, move, and breathe.

In addition to being responsible for your senses, emotions, memory, and personality, your brain allows every part of your body to function – even when you’re sleeping.

Brain injuries that happen after you are born are called acquired brain injury.  When you injure your brain, you injure an important part of the body.

 

A brain injury can affect your ability to:

  • Think and solve problems,
  • Move your body and speak, or
  • Control your behavior, emotions, and reactions.

Preventing Brain Injury

Most traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are preventable.

Someone in the U.S. sustains a TBI every 23 seconds. While most of these injuries occur among children, adolescents, young adults, and people over the age of 75, males who are 14 to 24 years old are at the greatest risk.

People who already have a TBI are also at a greater risk for sustaining another brain injury.

 

How can you prevent a brain injury?

  • Use seatbelts. Everyone in a vehicle should wear seat belt. Children under 12 should always sit in the back seat. Infants, toddlers and children – according to their weight – should use child safety seats or booster seats.
  • Wear bike helmets. When worn correctly, bike helmets are 85% effective in preventing brain injuries.
  • Protect playground surfaces. There should be at least 12 inches of wood chips, mulch, sand, pea gravel, or safety-tested rubber mats that extend six feet in all directions from the equipment.
  • Use mouth guards and helmets during sports and recreational activities. Mouth guards can help cushion a blow to the lower jaw and lessen the chance for a concussion. Sports helmets protect your head from equipment, collisions with other players, and falls.
  • Lock firearms away and use gunlocks. Approximately 91% of firearm-related brain injuries result in death.
  • Avoid falls. Using stepstools, handrails, safety gates on stairs, or window guards can prevent people from falling.

Living With Brain Injury

More than 45,000 people in Arizona are living with a traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Just as no two brains are alike, no two brain injuries are the same, either. As a result, each person living with a TBI is affected in a different way.

What kinds of problems can people living with a TBI have? Here are some examples:

  • Health and physical problems
  • Headaches
  • Head, neck or shoulder pain
  • Balance problems
  • Changes in vision, hearing, smell, or taste
  • Sleep problems
  • Loss of energy
  • Thinking problems
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Reacting and thinking slowly
  • Learning problems
  • Difficulty in organizing and planning
  • Behavior and mood problems
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Emotional instability or mood swings
  • Changes in sexual behavior
  • Being impulsive or uninhibited
  • Agitation
  • Isolation
  • Communication problems
  • Can’t focus on one topic
  • Difficulty in finding the right word
  • Talks too much
  • Doesn’t speak clearly or pay attention
  • Difficulty in listening
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Brain Injury Alliance of Arizona

5025 E. Washington St, Ste 108
Phoenix, Arizona 85034

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(602) 508-8024

Statewide Info-line
1 (888) 500-9165

Fax (602) 508-8285

BIAAZ is a chartered affiliate of the
United States Brain Injury Alliance.

usbia.org

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2019 © Brain Injury Alliance of Arizona | designed by Susan Payton